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Pregnancy gingivitis

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Gingivitis occurs when plaque, which contains bacteria, builds up on teeth and produces toxins that irritate the gums. Signs of gingivitis include bleeding, puffy, sore, and inflamed or red gums.

Thorough daily plaque removal is your best weapon against gingivitis. Other factors that might increase your risk of gingivitis include smoking, stress, hormonal changes, poor nutrition, medications and chronic diseases.

Pregnancy gingivitis

Pregnancy gingivitis is caused by a rise in the hormone progesterone which can contribute to an increase in the flow of blood to gum tissues making them sensitive, swollen and more likely to bleed when you brush and floss. These hormonal changes can make it easier for certain gingivitis-causing bacteria to grow and can make gum tissues more tender. While pregnancy gingivitis can occur anytime between the second and eighth month, it’s usually most severe during the second trimester.

How to prevent pregnancy gingivitis

Controlling plaque is the most important thing you can do to prevent problems with pregnancy gingivitis. A strict home care routine of proper and meticulous plaque removal should start even before you are pregnant

Oral care tips for a healthy pregnancy

  • Don’t skip regular check-ups at your dental office
  • Use a soft power toothbrush and floss gently to prevent injury to delicate gum tissues
  • Use an antigingivitis/antiplaque toothpaste twice a day and floss daily
  • Rinse with an alcohol-free antigingivitis/antiplaque mouthwash
  • Rinse your mouth after a bout with morning sickness to keep acids from affecting your teeth and gums
  • Follow a healthy diet including plenty of calcium, phosphorus, protein, and vitamins A, C and D.


Complications of pregnancy gingivitis

Gingivitis can cause complications in your mouth and even for your pregnancy. Periodontitis is a more advanced stage of gum disease that can spread down to the bone. If you develop periodontitis, your baby-to-be may be at an increased risk of preterm birth or low birth weight, among other health conditions.